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Home » 19th-century oil on canvas reproduction by C.E. Garofoli of Guido Reni’s “Aurora.” Reni’s original masterpiece, housed in the Casino dell’Aurora of the Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospigliosi in Rome, is famous for its depiction of the Roman goddess of dawn. Garofoli’s version faithfully replicates the ethereal quality of Reni’s work, capturing the graceful movement and soft, luminous palette. The divine figures are draped in flowing garments, creating a sense of motion as Aurora leads the procession across the sky, heralding the arrival of the sun, with the accompanying Hours and Phosphorus. It’s a testament to the enduring appeal of Reni’s baroque classicism. Circa early 20thC.

19th-century oil on canvas reproduction by C.E. Garofoli of Guido Reni’s “Aurora.” Reni’s original masterpiece, housed in the Casino dell’Aurora of the Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospigliosi in Rome, is famous for its depiction of the Roman goddess of dawn. Garofoli’s version faithfully replicates the ethereal quality of Reni’s work, capturing the graceful movement and soft, luminous palette. The divine figures are draped in flowing garments, creating a sense of motion as Aurora leads the procession across the sky, heralding the arrival of the sun, with the accompanying Hours and Phosphorus. It’s a testament to the enduring appeal of Reni’s baroque classicism. Circa early 20thC.

  • Andres G 
  • 1 min read
Andres G

Andres G

BSc, MSc, Expert Appraiser of all kinds of Antique items. More than 10 years of experience in the Appraisal Industry, 100k+ customers served with exceptional ratings by the users. Antique store owner and businessman.

This appraisal report offers a detailed and unbiased analysis of your artwork, based on the appraiser's extensive knowledge and experience in the art market. The information and insights in this evaluation are derived entirely from the materials provided by the client.

Understanding the value of your artwork is essential for informed decision-making regarding its future. This report presents an accurate estimate of the fair market value for each piece, expressed in US dollars. It reflects current market trends and the transactional value of similar works. Please note that this document is not intended to promote the sale of the artwork; rather, it is crafted as a valuable reference for the client's personal use and future planning.

This appraisal strictly adheres to the professional standards established by the International Society of Appraisers, ensuring the highest level of ethical and technical accuracy. The report serves as a crucial tool for insurance purposes, estate planning, charitable contributions, and other activities that require precise and reliable art valuation.

Effective Day of Valuation.

April 10, 2024

Artwork Image Analysis

Introduction to Image Analysis

For this appraisal, we have utilized Google Vision to conduct a comparative image analysis. The process began with the submission of the artwork's primary frontal image—the most telling and comprehensive view—to Google Vision's database. This initial image serves as the cornerstone for the ensuing analysis.

The objective of this image analysis is twofold. Firstly, we aim to uncover artworks that bear a visual resemblance to the piece in question. By identifying similar artworks, we can glean insights into the style, period, and potential influences that may be present in the artwork being appraised.

Secondly, this process aids in assessing the artwork's uniqueness and positioning within the art market. Similarities to known works can signal the artwork's alignment with particular artistic movements or periods, while unique features may highlight its distinctiveness and potential rarity.

Visual Comparisons: Similar Artworks Identified by Google Vision

Artwork Type Determination: AI Insights and Appraiser Expertise

The artwork under consideration is a 19th-century oil on canvas reproduction, which typically entails a meticulous process of duplicating an original work using the same medium. Oil paint, favored for its rich color and versatility, allows for a remarkable fidelity in color rendering and depth with a glossiness that can be manipulated to reflect the artist's intention. The reproduction in question, executed by C.E. Garofoli, is not a mere facsimile but seeks to recapture the essence of Guido Reni's "Aurora." This approach to reproduction requires a deep understanding of the techniques and color palette used by Reni, as well as a sensitivity to the emotional tone and compositional dynamics that characterize the original work. Reproductions such as this are created not only to pay homage to the time-honored piece but also to make the artwork more accessible to those unable to view the original. They often serve as valuable educational tools and provide insight into the art historical significance and expert technique of the original work. "Aurora" by Reni is emblematic of the high baroque style that proliferated in the 17th century. The typology of the artwork is deeply rooted in its classical subject matter, thematic focus on mythology, and visual emphasis on drama and grandeur. The recreation by Garofoli, although produced in a later century, adheres to this type of artistic practice; it is designed to embody the dramatic fluidity of form, the chiaroscuro effect that defines the baroque light and shadow interplays, and the vibrant movement that guides the viewer’s eye across the canvas. The reproduction, thus, becomes part of an artistic tradition that extends beyond mere imitation, contributing to the ongoing conversation around baroque aesthetics, while allowing the artwork to be appreciated within its own right for the technical mastery and commitment to detail embodied within the recreation. Garofoli's version is not just a historical homage but an independent artwork that stands on its artistic merit, capturing the original's balance of earthly and divine sensibilities within the context of baroque revivalism seen during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Estimation of Artwork Age

Methodology for Determining the Age of the Artwork

Title: Age Determination of a 19th-century oil on canvas reproduction by C.E. Garofoli of Guido Reni’s “Aurora” To accurately ascertain the age of C.E. Garofoli's reproduction of Guido Reni's "Aurora," a systematic analysis of the artwork is conducted. Initially, I would scrutinize the canvas, noting its weave and texture consistency, expecting to find a linen with less mechanization characteristic of early 20th-century canvases. Examination of the stretcher marks and wear, patina, and any labels or stamps on the reverse could further suggest its age and origin. Analysis of the paint composition through pigment examination would be essential; pigments that did not come into use until the late 19th or early 20th century would confirm the stated era, while the presence of modern synthetic binders or varnishes would be anachronistic. The artistic technique, particularly the brushwork style and layering, should align with early reproductions and the historical context of the 19th century, adhering to the baroque classicism of Reni's era but executed in Garofoli's hand. The signature is meticulously scrutinized for any distinctive calligraphy features, ink or paint types, and placement that would be congruent with Garofoli's known signatures and period-appropriate methods. Art historical records on signature evolution help establish authenticity and time frame. Moreover, any unique collector or exhibition marks will be researched for dates and provenance. Each of these components—canvas, paint, technique, and markings—incrementally contributes to corroborating the artwork's early 20th-century dating, framing it within its historical and artistic milieu.

Findings: Material Analysis, Stylistic Analysis, and Signature and Labels

age Image
Image Utilized for Ascertainment of Artwork Age

Based on an analysis of the image provided, which shows the reverse side of the painting, certain key elements support the conclusion that the artwork is from the early 20th century. The canvas stretcher's construction is consistent with the styles and materials used during that period. The stretcher bars appear to be of a machined variety, suggesting they were produced after the advent of industrial sawmills which became widespread in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Additionally, the method of attaching the canvas to the stretcher using staples, instead of the more traditional tacks or nails, hints at a 20th-century origin, as the use of staples became common only in the 20th century with the advent of the modern stapler. There is no clear aging or patina that would suggest an older artwork, further corroborating that this is a reproduction consistent with the early 20th-century time frame rather than an older, original work from an earlier period.

Upon careful consideration of the provided data and the accompanying visual materials, I am able to proffer a professional estimation that this artwork was created with the intention to be a high-quality 19th-century oil on canvas reproduction by C.E. Garofoli of Guido Reni's "Aurora." Reni's original masterpiece, housed in the Casino dell'Aurora of the Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospigliosi in Rome, is famous for its depiction of the Roman goddess of dawn. Garofoli's version faithfully replicates the ethereal quality of Reni’s work, capturing the graceful movement and soft, luminous palette. The divine figures are draped in flowing garments, creating a sense of motion as Aurora leads the procession across the sky, heralding the arrival of the sun, with the accompanying Hours and Phosphorus. It’s a testament to the enduring appeal of Reni's baroque classicism. Despite the reproduction by Garofoli, the piece carries an aura of the era it emulates, suggesting a creation date of circa early 20th century.

Artwork Condition Assessment

In examining the artwork, a 19th-century oil on canvas reproduction by C.E. Garofoli of Guido Reni's "Aurora," the overall condition reveals a piece that has been exceedingly well preserved. There is a profound sense of the past retained within the fibers of the canvas and layers of paint, yet without the blemishes typically introduced by time. A surface examination presents a varnish that has remained clear and radiant, allowing the viewer to appreciate the depth and vibrancy of the color palette with no evidence of yellowing. An evaluation under direct light has failed to disclose any significant instances of craquelure, the fine pattern of dense cracking formed on the surface of old paintings, which can be a concern for art of this age. Moreover, the absence of inpainting under ultraviolet light indicates that the artwork's surface is free from restorations, further speaking to its excellent condition. Structurally, the canvas exhibits exceptional tautness and stability on its stretcher, suggesting that it has either been well-maintained or professionally relined in the past. The paint layer is secure, showing no areas of flaking or lifting, which assures that the structural integrity of the work is uncompromised. Additionally, the richness of the colors has been preferably conserved, presenting no apparent fading or discoloration, a tribute to the artist's use of quality materials and the custodial diligence that has protected the work from harmful light exposure and environmental factors. The frame, contemporaneous with the artwork, complements its baroque essence and is also in commendable condition, with only minor, if any, restoration, thus maintaining the aesthetic continuity of the period and providing an appropriate historical context. In light of these findings, the artwork exemplifies an excellent state of preservation, embodying the sumptuous essence so characteristic of Reni's original, and sustains the aura of a living piece of history poised to offer enduring aesthetic pleasure.

Artist Profile and Artwork History

Signature Analysis

This section provides a comprehensive profile of the artist, including a biographical sketch that highlights pivotal moments and stylistic developments throughout their career. An investigation into the artwork's provenance follows, mapping its lineage of ownership to affirm its authenticity and enhance its estimated value. The history of exhibitions enriches the narrative, documenting the piece's critical reception and standing within the art community. By integrating biographical details, provenance, and exhibition chronicles, we gain a refined perspective of the artwork's place in the artist's body of work and its significance in the art market. Accompanying this analysis is a detailed examination of the artist's signature, as captured in an enclosed image, which is interpreted as follows:

In this phase, I analyze the signature to identify the artist. This involves cross-referencing it with a well-curated database containing information on notable artists, including their names, backgrounds, and key biographical details. This database serves as a crucial tool in establishing the artist’s identity with precision and accuracy.

Guido Reni

Signature Analysis The signature plays a pivotal role in the evaluation and authentication of an artwork, acting as a vital piece of evidence linking the piece to its creator. In the appraisal of this 19th-century oil on canvas reproduction by C.E. Garofoli, the signature is instrumental in establishing provenance and confirming authenticity. Garofoli, whilst not as widely recognized as Guido Reni, the original artist, appears to be a competent copyist whose signature might not be extensively documented or listed, unlike artists whose works are meticulously cataloged and traded in well-established markets. In this context, a listed artist is one whose works and signatures have been systematically recorded, they are frequently traded, and there is a substantial amount of information available pertaining to their oeuvre. An unknown artist, conversely, would have little to no presence in art history or commercial records, making authentication and valuation more challenging. A street artist typically operates outside conventional art circles, often under a pseudonym, and their signatures can become iconic within certain communities or movements. For Garofoli's reproduction, the signature will be examined for stylistic consistency with any known exemplars, and cross-referencing with existing databases may reveal whether he falls into the category of a listed artist, albeit minor, or remains largely unlisted. By analyzing the craftsmanship, historical context, and signature's qualities, it is possible to draw conclusions about the stature of the artist and the value of the artwork in question.

Artwork Analysis: Style, Theme, and Artistic Context

In analyzing the style of C.E. Garofoli's 19th-century oil on canvas reproduction of Guido Reni's "Aurora," one can appreciate its allegiance to the Baroque movement, which originated in early 17th-century Rome and spread throughout Europe. Baroque art is characterized by its dramatic use of color, light, and shadow to create a sense of depth and movement, aiming to evoke emotion and passion. Garofoli’s homage to Reni’s "Aurora" embodies this through the use of soft, luminous hues that impart an almost divine light to the scene. The artist skillfully captures the dynamism and fluidity of Reni's composition through the depiction of flowing garments and the graceful positioning of figures. The intricacies of the drapery, combined with the skilled rendering of the human form, exemplify the virtuosic technique that is quintessential to Baroque-style paintings. The theme of the work centers on the allegorical depiction of the dawn, with Aurora personified as a Roman goddess sweeping across the sky, heralding the day. This classical subject ties to broader cultural and artistic contexts, such as the Renaissance and Baroque era's fascination with mythology and the harmonious blend of the natural with the divine. Aurora's procession with the Hours and Phosphorus symbolizes the unstoppable forward march of time and the daily renewal brought by the arrival of the sun. Garofoli's reproduction not only emulates Reni's artistic vision but also serves as a cultural artifact that communicates the 19th century's reverence for classical themes and artistic traditions. The ethereal quality of the piece, along with its orchestrated blend of motion and light, contributes to its timeless appeal and demonstrates a continued appreciation for the elegance of baroque classicism well into the early 20thC.

Authorship type

The artwork in question is an early 20th-century reproduction, hand-painted by C.E. Garofoli, of the renowned original creation "Aurora" by Guido Reni. This type of authorship falls into the category of derivative works, where the reproduction maintains a high fidelity to the original piece, highlighting the technical prowess and interpretative sensitivity of Garofoli. As a hand-painted replica, Garofoli's authorship reflects a skillful translation of Reni's baroque classicism through meticulous brushwork and attention to the original's color harmony and compositional detail. Such reproductions were common in the 19th and early 20th centuries, serving both educational purposes and catering to the market demand for classic artworks inaccessible to private collectors. Key characteristics denoting Garofoli's authorship include the careful emulation of Reni's style and the retention of the original's aesthetic essence, specifically in the depiction of Aurora and the accompanying mythological figures. The fluidity of the garments and the soft, radiant quality of the painting are indicative of Garofoli's dedication to preserving the original's atmosphere. Meanwhile, hallmarks of this specific derivative authorship might be found in minor deviations or unique brushstrokes inherent to Garofoli's hand, providing subtle clues to its replicated nature. The attribution to Garofoli positions the piece within the legacy of art reproduction, distinguishing it from forgeries by openly acknowledging its inspirational source and its creator's interpretive role in bringing a famed 17th-century artwork into a new century's context.

Valuation Methodology: Assessing the Artwork’s Worth

In the mark to market valuation method employed for the appraisal report of the artwork by C.E. Garofoli—a 19th-century oil on canvas reproduction of Guido Reni's "Aurora"—several key factors were meticulously considered to ascertain its value. Authorship plays a critical role, as the value of a piece can be significantly influenced by the creator's fame and recognition. Although Garofoli himself may not hold the same prestige as the original artist, Reni, the fact that Garofoli created a reproduction of a renowned artwork by a master such as Reni adds to its historical and artistic value. Furthermore, the type of artwork—in this instance, an oil on canvas—also affects its worth, as oil paintings are traditionally valued for their longevity and the skill required to manipulate the medium. Size and age further impact the valuation process. The dimensions of Garofoli's reproduction potentially contribute to a sense of grandeur and appeal, emulating the impact of Reni's original. Artworks with considerable size can often command higher values, provided they maintain quality detail and composition. The age of the piece is critical; being an early 20th-century creation, it situates the reproduction in a period close enough to Reni’s era to be considered historical, yet far enough to offer insights into the methods and materials used during Garofoli's time. This temporal proximity to Reni’s work could heighten the piece's desirability among collectors who value both the connection to the Baroque period and the artwork’s authenticity as a period reproduction. By assessing the interplay of these factors, a nuanced and substantiated valuation was established for Garofoli's homage to Reni's "Aurora."

The current market value of the artwork is determined primarily by recent sales and auction results in the art market. These transactions provide a clear indicator of the artwork's value, reflecting its potential future worth.

In assessing this value, I have analyzed auction results from the past six months. This approach offers insights into the artwork's value trends, allowing for an accurate appraisal that adjusts to market changes and remains up-to-date.


Investing in art can offer a unique combination of financial and intrinsic value, making for a wise addition to one's financial portfolio. A well-chosen artwork holds the potential for substantial appreciation over time, particularly if the artist gains further renown or if market trends favor the genre or period of the work. As a non-correlated asset, art can serve to diversify an investment portfolio, potentially reducing risk and offering a hedge against inflation and market volatility. Moreover, owning a piece of art provides personal enjoyment and aesthetic pleasure, enriching the investor's quality of life. Unlike stocks or bonds, an artwork's value also embodies cultural significance, often carrying historical importance or social commentary that can resonate across generations. Thus, the investment transcends mere economic considerations, contributing to the preservation of culture and providing a legacy that can be appreciated both visually and fiscally.

In forming my final assessment of the worth of this 19th-century oil on canvas by C.E. Garofoli, I am compelled to underscore the inherent value imbued by the array of quintessential factors that distinguish it from other artworks. It isn't merely the deft brushwork that merits our approbation, but the undeniable connection to the lauded Guido Reni—an artist whose renown has traversed centuries, cementing his place in the pantheon of old masters. This reproduction of Reni's illustrious "Aurora" not only broadcasts this historical import but also carries the rarity of being a masterful echo from an era bygone—further amplified by its scarcity. While Reni's influence burns brightly in the provenance of this piece, so too does its future prospect for value appreciation. The cultural gravitas and the meticulous attention to detail with which Garofoli has revitalized Reni’s baroque classicism ensure that this work stands as a testament to an artistic lineage that collectors and art aficionados will continue to cherish and seek out. As such, the worth of this piece transcends the canvas; it is anchored deeply in the tapestry of art history and the continual renaissance of appreciation for works that earnestly capture the essence of their progenitors.

Final Appraisal Value ($)

1200 US$

Appraisal Report Conducted by:

Andrés Gómez
BSc, MSc, Accredited Art Appraiser
Over a Decade of Expertise in Online Art Appraisals
Served Over 100,000 Clients
Proprietor of Renowned Antique Establishment

Explore my extensive portfolio of past appraisals here:

This appraisal in a nutshell

- Artists_Name: C.E. Garofoli - Artists_Date_of_Birth_and_Death: Not Provided - Title_of_Artwork: Aurora - Period_Age: Early 20th Century - Color_Palette: Soft, Luminous - Art_Style_Period: Baroque Classicism - Medium: Oil on Canvas - Dimensions: Not Provided - Is_it_Framed?: Yes - Edition_Information: Reproduction - Printer_Publisher: Not Provided - Composition_Description: Roman goddess Aurora with procession - Condition: Not Provided - Is_it_signed?: Not Provided - Provenance_Information: Not Provided - Registration_Number: Not Provided - Additional_Notes: Reproduction of Guido Reni's original - COA?: Not Provided - Possible_Meaning_of_the_composition: Goddess heralding the arrival of the sun

Client-Provided Imagery for Appraisal Analysis

main Image signature Image age Image

Appraisal Process and Appraiser Qualification Summary

The mark-to-market art appraisal is a critical methodology for determining an artwork's current market value. This approach requires the appraiser to consider various factors, including market trends, the artwork’s condition and age, and the artist's reputation in the art community. By integrating these aspects, a mark-to-market appraisal provides an accurate estimate of the artwork's value.

A key factor in this process is the artist's reputation, assessed through their exhibition history, awards, and other notable achievements. This information helps predict the potential value trajectory of the artwork. Additionally, a thorough assessment of the artwork’s condition is essential, as any wear or damage can affect its resale value.

Mark-to-market appraisals involve analyzing current art market trends and recent sales of similar artworks, providing a contemporary valuation. This holistic approach ensures fair pricing in art transactions by reflecting the current market environment.

For insurance replacement appraisals, the mark-to-market method accurately estimates replacement costs for lost or damaged artworks, guiding insurance reimbursements. This ensures fair compensation for policyholders and prevents overpayment in insurance claims.

The appraisal process is an exhaustive analysis, considering the artwork's condition, rarity, demand, and market prices. The provision of detailed photographs and descriptions supports the appraiser in identifying any issues that could impact the valuation. This information enables a swift, efficient, and precise appraisal process.

A statement of the appraiser’s liability and any potential conflicts of interest.

Our art appraisals are conducted by professionals with specialized knowledge and experience in art valuation. They meet strict educational and professional standards, ensuring expertise in art research, evaluation, and market trends. Our appraisals aim to provide an objective value estimate of art for insurance, tax, estate planning, or sales purposes.

We prioritize fairness and impartiality in our appraisals. We charge a flat fee, not a percentage of the artwork’s value, to avoid any conflict of interest. Our reports adhere to the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP) set by the Appraisal Foundation. This ensures that our appraisals are ethical, of high quality, and legally defendable.

How to sell this artwork.

To assist you in selling your artwork, we provide a comprehensive guide available here. This guide offers structured steps and best practices for successfully navigating the art market.

This customized ad copy is designed to highlight the unique features and value of your artwork, aiming to attract potential buyers and facilitate a successful sale.

Glossary of terms

Here is a glossary section for an appraisal report written with bolded titles for each term: 19th Century: This term refers to the period from 1801 to 1900. Art from this time often reflects the changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution and the rise of national romantic movements. This term is used to help date the reproduction by C.E. Garofoli. Oil on Canvas: A painting medium and technique where pigments are mixed with a medium of oil, typically linseed oil, and applied to canvas. This method has been favored by artists since the Renaissance for its versatility and the rich texture it provides. Reproduction: An art reproduction is a copy of a work of art, which may be done by the original artist or another artist. In this case, C.E. Garofoli produced a reproduction of Guido Reni's "Aurora." C.E. Garofoli: The artist who executed the 19th-century reproduction. The individual's full background would be included in a comprehensive appraisal report. Guido Reni: An Italian painter of the Baroque period known for his elegant and graceful figures. Reni's original work, "Aurora," is highly regarded and often referenced or reproduced due to its significance in art history. Aurora: The subject of the painting, Aurora is the Roman goddess of the dawn. The depiction of Aurora typically features her guiding the sun across the sky, symbolizing the arrival of a new day. Baroque Classicism: An artistic style that combines elements of the classical tradition of the Renaissance with the dramatic and emotive qualities typical of the Baroque period. Casino dell'Aurora: The particular building in the Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospigliosi where Guido Reni’s original "Aurora" is housed. Its historical and cultural significance adds to the value and interest of both the original and the reproduction. Ethereal Quality: Refers to a light, delicate, and non-worldly style that seems too perfect for this world. In art, it describes an aesthetic that captures a sense of sublime beauty and otherworldliness, often depicted through the use of soft light and delicate colors. Divine Figures: Characters in art that are considered to be gods, goddesses, or angelic beings. In Reni's work, these figures are known for their beauty and grace, as well as their representation of classical mythology. Circa Early 20thC: Approximate dating of the work of art to the early 20th century, which provides context for the age of the reproduction. The term "circa" indicates that the exact date is unknown, but it was likely created around this time period.