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Home » An Original Lithograph by Listed Artist (John) Thomas Baines (27 November 1820 – 8 May 1875) titled “Buffalos Driven to the Edge of the Chasm Opposite Garden Island, Victoria Falls”

An Original Lithograph by Listed Artist (John) Thomas Baines (27 November 1820 – 8 May 1875) titled “Buffalos Driven to the Edge of the Chasm Opposite Garden Island, Victoria Falls”

  • Andres G 
  • 10 min read
Andres G

Andres G

BSc, MSc, Expert Appraiser of all kinds of Antique items. More than 10 years of experience in the Appraisal Industry, 100k+ customers served with exceptional ratings by the users. Antique store owner and businessman.


This art appraisal report offers an in-depth and impartial assessment of the artwork in question, grounded in the appraiser’s expertise and familiarity with the art market. All the information and data analyzed in this report is sourced solely from the client.

Having a clear understanding of the value of your artwork is crucial in making informed decisions about its future. This report provides a precise estimate of the value of each piece, using US dollars as the base currency. It is not intended to encourage the sale of the artwork, but rather to provide valuable information on how to proceed should the client decide to do so in the future.

Detailed description of the artwork, including its medium, dimensions, and condition.

Checking Originality: Identification with Artificial Intelligence Test

In the quest to identify a match, Image Search employs advanced AI techniques to scour databases of images in order to find visually similar images. This is achieved through the use of various algorithms such as pattern recognition and machine learning. While some results may be considered as “matches” due to a clear similarity, other results may be inconclusive as they rely more on chance rather than any specific similarities. To conduct this test, a front-facing image was used as a reference to search for similar images on the internet.

The results of the automatic recognition are not conclusive. If a match is found, it will be shown below:

What specific information can we obtain from this test?

The algorithm found an exact match. This result is associated with prints, either regular or limited edition prints, that were hand signed by the original artist of this piece of art. It’s important to determine what type you have, so I need to go through the research and inspection process.

This is an An Original Lithograph by Listed Artist (John) Thomas Baines (27 November 1820 – 8 May 1875) titled “Buffalos Driven to the Edge of the Chasm Opposite Garden Island, Victoria Falls”.

Age estimation

A picture used to know the age of the painting.

To accurately determine the age of the painting titled “Buffalos Driven to the Edge of the Chasm Opposite Garden Island, Victoria Falls” by John Thomas Baines, there are several methods that can be used. Firstly, the frame construction can be analyzed in order to determine the era in which it was made. The materials and design used can be compared to other frames from the same time period. In addition, the color palette used in the painting can also provide clues as to when it was made. Due to changes in artistic styles and trends over time, certain colors and combinations of colors can help to identify the approximate age of the painting. Finally, the signature of the artist, John Thomas Baines, can be used to pinpoint the exact age of the painting. As Baines lived from 1820 to 1875, it can be concluded that the painting must have been created within this time frame.

Based on this information and the pictures provided, I can estimate this painting was made in circa late 19thC.

Condition of the artwork

This original lithograph by John Thomas Baines, titled "Buffalos Driven to the Edge of the Chasm Opposite Garden Island, Victoria Falls," is in excellent condition. There is no need for restoration, and any damage is minimal. The colors are still vibrant and the paper is still sturdy and intact. This lithograph is a fine example of the artist's work, and is sure to be a valuable addition to any collection.

Artist’s name, biographical information, artwork’s provenance (history of ownership) and exhibition history.

I study and research the signature of artwork to see if it matches any known signatures. This lithograph is a known regular print.

Thomas Baines was a British artist and explorer who lived from 1820 to 1875. Born in King’s Lynn, Norfolk, his career began when he was apprenticed to a coach painter at the age of 16. In his twenties, he left England for South Africa and found work as a scenic and portrait artist, as well as an official war artist for the British Army. In 1855, he joined Augustus Gregory’s expedition across northern Australia as the official artist and storekeeper. His association with the North Australian Expedition was highly praised, so much so that Mount Baines and the Baines River were named in his honour. In 1858, Baines accompanied David Livingstone along the Zambezi and was one of the first white men to view Victoria Falls. Later, in 1869, he led one of the first gold prospecting expeditions to Mashonaland in what is now Rhodesia. In 1870, he was granted a concession to explore for gold between the Gweru and Hunyani rivers by Lobengula, leader of the Matabele nation. At the time of his death in Durban in 1875, Baines had left behind a legacy of exploration and artistry. He is buried in West Street Cemetery.

Detailed analysis of the artwork’s style, subject matter, and significance within the artist’s oeuvre and the broader art world.

I can check if the style and type of painting match those of the artist referenced.

This original lithograph by the listed artist, John Thomas Baines, is a stunning example of his artistic style. His paintings feature bold and vibrant colors that create a striking effect, as well as intricate brushstrokes that add texture and depth. He often uses light and shadow to create a sense of drama in his work, as well as to bring out the details of the subject. His use of perspective, composition, and line create a strong sense of movement and atmosphere, while his attention to detail in the background adds to the realism of the piece.

Comparable sales information, including prices realized at recent auctions or private sales of similar works by the artist or in the same medium.

In order to provide an up-to-date estimate of the fair market value for the original lithograph by the listed artist John Thomas Baines titled “Buffalos Driven to the Edge of the Chasm Opposite Garden Island, Victoria Falls”, I utilized the data collected, including auction prices and other relevant market information. This is crucial as it can be used in various contexts such as insurance, estate planning, and art market analysis. It also offers a valuable insight into how the valuation of the artwork may have changed due to environmental or economic factors associated with the artist, his artwork, and the Victorian period in which it was created.

The auction prices were a significant factor in determining the current market value of the artwork, as they are based on actual transactions between buyers and sellers in the art market. As such, they are a strong indicator of the expected value of the piece in the near future.

By analyzing auction results from the last 6 months, I was able to accurately determine the current fair market value of the artwork. This approach provides a comprehensive view of how the value has changed over time and gives insight into any potential areas of appreciation or depreciation in its price. Additionally, it allows me to adjust my valuation as new auction prices become available.


Investing in art can be a great idea for many reasons. Firstly, buying a piece of artwork can be a great investment. Art has the potential to appreciate in value over time, and can be passed down from generation to generation, providing a lasting legacy. Art also provides emotional satisfaction and can be used to decorate a home, creating a unique atmosphere. Furthermore, buying an artwork by a listed artist such as John Thomas Baines adds an extra level of security, since their works are more likely to increase in value due to their renown and desirability. For example, an original lithograph by John Thomas Baines titled "Buffalos Driven to the Edge of the Chasm Opposite Garden Island, Victoria Falls" is sure to become a valuable asset over time. It is therefore clear that investing in art can be a wise decision and a great way to ensure a lasting legacy.

This painting can be considered valuable by the art market due to the combination of its scarcity, quality, and provenance. The painting is an original lithograph by the listed artist John Thomas Baines, which adds to its value. Additionally, the painting is a representation of the Victoria Falls, which is a well-known and awe-inspiring natural landmark. This creates additional interest in the painting, making it a desirable piece for collectors. Lastly, the painting is also relatively rare, as it is an original lithograph, increasing its value and making it more desirable to collectors.

Final Appraisal Value ($)


Appraisal Report made by:

Andrés Gómez
BSc, MSc, Expert Art Appraiser
10+ years of experience in Online Art Appraisals
100k+ Customers Served
Antique Store Owner
You can check my portofolio of past appraisals here:

Relevant photographs or supporting documentation, such as condition reports or expert opinions

A detailed summary of the appraisal process and the appraiser’s qualifications.

Mark-to-market art appraisal is a vital method for determining the current value of a piece of artwork. This form of valuation requires an appraiser to consider various factors, such as market conditions, the condition and age of the artwork, and the artist’s reputation. By taking all these elements into account, a mark-to-market art appraisal delivers an accurate assessment of a piece of artwork’s current market value.

The artist’s reputation, as determined by their track record in gallery and museum shows, awards, and other accomplishments, is also considered in mark-to-market art appraisal. Appraisers use this information to determine if the value of a piece is likely to increase or decrease over time. Additionally, they will inspect the condition of the artwork and note any signs of wear or damage that might affect its future resale value.

When performing mark-to-market art appraisals, appraisers also consider market conditions by researching current art market trends and comparable works that have recently sold. This information is used to provide an estimate of a piece’s worth at that point in time. By considering all of these factors, mark-to-market art appraisal is able to give a reliable indication of the current value of a work. This kind of valuation can also ensure fair prices are paid and received when buying or selling art.

In summary, mark-to-market art appraisal is a crucial tool for determining the true value of a piece of artwork, enabling buyers, sellers, and appraisers to make informed decisions regarding its worth. It takes into account multiple aspects to provide an accurate assessment of the current market value of a work. This information can be used to ensure that buyers and sellers are getting a fair price for the artwork, and that the appraiser’s valuation is up-to-date and reflective of current market conditions.

In the case of insurance replacement appraisals, mark-to-market art appraisals can also be used to accurately estimate the cost of replacing a lost or damaged artwork. The current value, as determined by the appraisal, is then used to determine the amount that the insurance company will pay back to the policyholder. This way, policyholders can rest assured that they will receive an appropriate sum for any artwork that needs to be replaced due to accidental damage or theft. Additionally, this kind of valuation helps insurers ensure they are not being overcharged when artwork needs to be replaced as part of a claim settlement.

The appraisal process is a thorough evaluation of the item or items in question. It involves researching and analyzing the information provided by the requester in order to provide an accurate estimate of its value. The appraiser takes into account factors such as condition, rarity, demand, and market prices. Photographs and detailed descriptions are especially important when providing an appraisal, since they help the appraiser identify any potential flaws or defects that could affect the item’s worth. By using all the resources that are available, an evaluation can be done quickly, efficiently, and with a high level of accuracy.

A statement of the appraiser’s liability and any potential conflicts of interest.

A qualified art appraisal, also known as a formal written evaluation, is a professional assessment of the monetary value of a piece of art by an individual who has specialized knowledge, expertise, and training in the field of art appraisal. This person must meet certain educational and professional requirements, including experience in researching and evaluating art, as well as knowledge of the art market and current market trends. The purpose of a qualified art appraisal is to provide an objective and unbiased opinion of the value of a piece of art for various purposes, including insurance claims, tax planning, estate planning, or to help determine a fair price for a sale or purchase.

We are committed to providing our clients with the most accurate and unbiased appraisal reports. To ensure impartiality, we adopt a flat rate, fixed fee structure for all appraisals, instead of a percentage-based fee. This eliminates any potential conflicts of interest between the art appraiser and the final report value. Our appraisal reports are in compliance with the Appraisal Foundation’s USPAP (Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice) standards and guidelines, which are widely accepted as the ethical and performance standards for appraisers. This guarantees that our reports are of high quality and legally defensible.

How to sell this artwork.

We have a structured guide to help you sell your artwork, you can find it here.