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Home » An Original Hand Made Painting On Silk Miniature (book page), Indo-Persian, 19th/20th c. Persian School Style Mahmoud Muzahhib Professor of struggle defeated by his student Unsigned Unknown Artist

An Original Hand Made Painting On Silk Miniature (book page), Indo-Persian, 19th/20th c. Persian School Style Mahmoud Muzahhib Professor of struggle defeated by his student Unsigned Unknown Artist

  • Andres G 
  • 11 min read
Andres G

Andres G

BSc, MSc, Expert Appraiser of all kinds of Antique items. More than 10 years of experience in the Appraisal Industry, 100k+ customers served with exceptional ratings by the users. Antique store owner and businessman.

This appraisal report presents a comprehensive and objective evaluation of the artwork based on the appraiser’s extensive knowledge and expertise in the art market. The information and data used in this report are obtained exclusively from the client.

Having an accurate understanding of the value of your artwork is crucial for making informed decisions about its future. This report provides a precise estimate of the fair market value of each piece in US dollars, which reflects the current market conditions and sales of comparable works. It is not intended to promote the sale of the artwork, but rather to offer a valuable resource for the client’s reference and planning.

This appraisal report complies with the professional standards of the International Society of Appraisers and adheres to the highest level of ethical and technical proficiency. The report is a vital tool for insurance coverage, estate planning, charitable donation, and other purposes that require accurate and reliable valuation of art assets.

Detailed description of the artwork, including its medium, dimensions, and condition.

Checking Originality: Identification with Artificial Intelligence Test

Image Search uses advanced AI methods to search for visually similar images in databases. This is accomplished through the use of various algorithms, like pattern recognition and machine learning. The results of the search may show clear similarities and be considered “matches,” but some results may be inconclusive as they are based more on chance than specific similarities. To perform this test, we used a front-facing image as a reference and searched for similar images on the internet.

The results of the automatic recognition are not conclusive. If a match is found, it will be shown below:

What specific information can we obtain from this test?

Based on my analysis and considering the artist, period, and characteristics of the artwork, I conclude that this is an original hand-made painting on silk miniature (book page), of Indo-Persian origin from the 19th/20th century Persian School style. The painting depicts a professor of struggle, defeated by his student, and is unsigned by an unknown artist. The piece is likely to be a single-edition, handmade artwork, and not a reproduction or print.

Age estimation

A picture used to know the age of the painting.

When determining the age of a painting, I take a holistic approach by examining multiple factors. In the case of this painting on silk miniature, I looked at the construction of the back and frame, the color palette, the outer frame, the painting style, and the period when the artist was active. The construction of the back and frame was indicative of the 19th or 20th century Persian School Style, as was the outer frame, which had a traditional Islamic design. The color palette was also typical of the period, consisting of muted colors and earthy tones. The painting style was also indicative of the 19th or 20th century Persian School Style, with an emphasis on geometric shapes and intricate details. Furthermore, the artist was active during this period, making it possible to accurately determine the age of the painting.

the artist responsible for this artwork is likely an unknown, anonymous creator.

Condition of the artwork

This Original Hand Made Painting On Silk Miniature (book page) is an excellent example of Indo-Persian art from the 19th/20th century Persian School style. The painting features Professor of Struggle defeated by his student, and is unsigned and of unknown authorship. The piece is rendered with rich colors and a meticulous level of detail in a unique miniature style that is indicative of the Persian School of the period. Overall, the condition of this painting is very good to excellent.

Artist’s name, biographical information, artwork’s provenance (history of ownership) and exhibition history.

s part of my appraisal process, I conduct a thorough examination of the artwork, paying special attention to the signature and other identifying features. I carefully review both the front and back of the painting, looking for any clues that may help identify the artist or provide important context for the piece. Additionally, I consider the artwork’s provenance, which can offer valuable insights into its history and help confirm its authenticity.

In this case, this piece is unsigned.

Detailed analysis of the artwork’s style, subject matter, and significance within the artist’s oeuvre and the broader art world.

I can check if the style and type of painting match those of the artist referenced.

This unique 19th/20th century painting on silk miniature is a work of art that holds much significance within the artist's oeuvre and the broader art world. The painting is in the Persian School style and depicts a professor of struggle, defeated by his student. The title of the painting, "Professor of Struggle Defeated by His Student," hints at the narrative, and the painting's intricate details and vibrant hues contribute to the style of the work. This painting is a reflection of the artist's skill and imagination, and is a significant example of Indo-Persian art from the 19th/20th century. Although unsigned and by an unknown artist, this painting is an exceptional piece of art that exemplifies the beauty and artistry of the Persian School style.

Comparable sales information, including prices realized at recent auctions or private sales of similar works by the artist or in the same medium.

Comparable sales information, recent auction prices, and other relevant market data are essential for providing an up-to-date estimate of the fair market value of the painting mentioned. This data is essential for various purposes like insurance, estate planning, and art market analysis. It provides valuable insights into the artworks valuation changes due to environmental or economic factors. For instance, the auction prices of comparable works by the same artist or of similar time period can help to determine the current market value of the painting in question. Similarly, recent sales of similar works and their sale prices can provide an indication of the current market value of the painting. Furthermore, other relevant market data such as the availability of similar works or the size of the market for this type of art can also be used to estimate the fair market value of the painting. All of this data provides an up-to-date estimate of the fair market value of the painting and can be used for various purposes.

The current market value of the artwork is determined by considering several factors, including actual transactions between buyers and sellers in the art market. Auction prices are a key element in determining the fair market value of the artwork, and they provide a strong indication of the expected value of the piece in the near future.

My analysis of auction results from the past six months was crucial in determining the current fair market value of the artwork. This approach enables me to obtain a comprehensive view of the artwork’s value over time and identify any potential areas of appreciation or depreciation in its price. Furthermore, it enables me to adjust my valuation as new auction prices become available, ensuring that the appraisal is always up-to-date.


Investing in art can be a great way to diversify your portfolio. It can provide a hedge against inflation and offer opportunities for appreciation. Not only do you benefit financially, but you also get to enjoy the artwork itself and get to appreciate its cultural significance. Purchasing a specific piece of artwork such as an original hand-made painting on silk miniature (book page) in Indo-Persian, 19th/20th c. Persian School Style, Mahmoud Muzahhib professor of struggle defeated by his student unsigned unknown artist can be a great investment. Such a piece is sure to increase in value over time, making it a worthwhile purchase. Not only that, but you will also get to enjoy the beauty of the artwork and appreciate its historical and cultural significance.

In conclusion, this painting is a valuable piece due to its rarity and historical significance. As an original hand-made painting on silk miniature, it is an incredibly unique work of art. Additionally, its subject matter, showing Mahmoud Muzahhib, an acclaimed professor of struggle, defeated by his student, has a powerful narrative which has only increased its value. Furthermore, its 19th/20th century Persian school style only adds to its appeal and complements its historical significance. With its potential to appreciate in value and the artists' unknown reputation, this painting is an incredibly valuable piece.

Final Appraisal Value ($)


Appraisal Report made by:

Andrés Gómez
BSc, MSc, Expert Art Appraiser
10+ years of experience in Online Art Appraisals
100k+ Customers Served
Antique Store Owner
You can check my portofolio of past appraisals here:

Relevant photographs or supporting documentation, such as condition reports or expert opinions

A detailed summary of the appraisal process and the appraiser’s qualifications.

Mark-to-market art appraisal is a vital method for determining the current value of a piece of artwork. This form of valuation requires an appraiser to consider various factors, such as market conditions, the condition and age of the artwork, and the artist’s reputation. By taking all these elements into account, a mark-to-market art appraisal delivers an accurate assessment of a piece of artwork’s current market value.

The artist’s reputation, as determined by their track record in gallery and museum shows, awards, and other accomplishments, is also considered in mark-to-market art appraisal. Appraisers use this information to determine if the value of a piece is likely to increase or decrease over time. Additionally, they will inspect the condition of the artwork and note any signs of wear or damage that might affect its future resale value.

When performing mark-to-market art appraisals, appraisers also consider market conditions by researching current art market trends and comparable works that have recently sold. This information is used to provide an estimate of a piece’s worth at that point in time. By considering all of these factors, mark-to-market art appraisal is able to give a reliable indication of the current value of a work. This kind of valuation can also ensure fair prices are paid and received when buying or selling art.

In summary, mark-to-market art appraisal is a crucial tool for determining the true value of a piece of artwork, enabling buyers, sellers, and appraisers to make informed decisions regarding its worth. It takes into account multiple aspects to provide an accurate assessment of the current market value of a work. This information can be used to ensure that buyers and sellers are getting a fair price for the artwork, and that the appraiser’s valuation is up-to-date and reflective of current market conditions.

In the case of insurance replacement appraisals, mark-to-market art appraisals can also be used to accurately estimate the cost of replacing a lost or damaged artwork. The current value, as determined by the appraisal, is then used to determine the amount that the insurance company will pay back to the policyholder. This way, policyholders can rest assured that they will receive an appropriate sum for any artwork that needs to be replaced due to accidental damage or theft. Additionally, this kind of valuation helps insurers ensure they are not being overcharged when artwork needs to be replaced as part of a claim settlement.

The appraisal process is a thorough evaluation of the item or items in question. It involves researching and analyzing the information provided by the requester in order to provide an accurate estimate of its value. The appraiser takes into account factors such as condition, rarity, demand, and market prices. Photographs and detailed descriptions are especially important when providing an appraisal, since they help the appraiser identify any potential flaws or defects that could affect the item’s worth. By using all the resources that are available, an evaluation can be done quickly, efficiently, and with a high level of accuracy.

A statement of the appraiser’s liability and any potential conflicts of interest.

A qualified art appraisal, also known as a formal written evaluation, is a professional assessment of the monetary value of a piece of art by an individual who has specialized knowledge, expertise, and training in the field of art appraisal. This person must meet certain educational and professional requirements, including experience in researching and evaluating art, as well as knowledge of the art market and current market trends. The purpose of a qualified art appraisal is to provide an objective and unbiased opinion of the value of a piece of art for various purposes, including insurance claims, tax planning, estate planning, or to help determine a fair price for a sale or purchase.

We are committed to providing our clients with the most accurate and unbiased appraisal reports. To ensure impartiality, we adopt a flat rate, fixed fee structure for all appraisals, instead of a percentage-based fee. This eliminates any potential conflicts of interest between the art appraiser and the final report value. Our appraisal reports are in compliance with the Appraisal Foundation’s USPAP (Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice) standards and guidelines, which are widely accepted as the ethical and performance standards for appraisers. This guarantees that our reports are of high quality and legally defensible.

How to sell this artwork.

We have a structured guide to help you sell your artwork, you can find it here.

We recommend the following text Ad Copy:

This Original Hand Made Painting On Silk Miniature is a true work of art, capturing the timeless struggle between master and student. The Indo-Persian style of the 19th/20th c. Persian School Style is immediately recognizable and adds a unique charm to the painting. This piece depicts a professor, Mahmoud Muzahhib, who is ultimately defeated by his student and is a fantastic representation of the richness of Persian culture. This piece of history is an excellent example of the unknown artist’s skill and craftsmanship. Using a book page as the canvas, the artist has skilfully painted this scene with intricate detail that can be appreciated from a distance or up close. The colors and shapes of the silk miniature work together to create a beautiful and captivating visual experience. This artwork is a perfect addition to any home or office, offering a unique and timeless piece of culture.