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Home » An Original Hand Made Painting by Mary Turnbull (1927 – 2010, active/lived in California) A watercolor painting of delicate hollyhocks and wildflowers along a garden path, capturing the soft, transient light of autumn in pastel hues within a simple wooden frame. Titled “Autumn Muse” circa 1990

An Original Hand Made Painting by Mary Turnbull (1927 – 2010, active/lived in California) A watercolor painting of delicate hollyhocks and wildflowers along a garden path, capturing the soft, transient light of autumn in pastel hues within a simple wooden frame. Titled “Autumn Muse” circa 1990

  • Andres G 
  • 8 min read
Andres G

Andres G

BSc, MSc, Expert Appraiser of all kinds of Antique items. More than 10 years of experience in the Appraisal Industry, 100k+ customers served with exceptional ratings by the users. Antique store owner and businessman.

This appraisal report furnishes a meticulous and impartial assessment of the artwork, predicated on the appraiser’s profound acumen and expertise within the art market realm. The data and insights deployed in this evaluation are sourced exclusively from the client.

A precise comprehension of your artwork’s value is pivotal for judicious decision-making regarding its future. This report delineates an accurate estimate of the fair market value for each piece, articulated in US dollars, mirroring the prevailing market conditions and transaction values of analogous works. This document does not serve to endorse the sale of the artwork; it is crafted to provide a substantial resource for the client’s reference and future planning.

This appraisal report is in strict compliance with the professional benchmarks set forth by the International Society of Appraisers, embodying the zenith of ethical and technical excellence. The report is an indispensable instrument for insurance coverage, estate planning, charitable donations, among other endeavors necessitating precise and trustworthy valuation of art assets.

Effective Day of Valuation:

January 12, 2024

Detailed Artwork Synopsis: Encompassing Medium, Dimensions, and Condition

Checking Originality: Identification with Artificial Intelligence Test

The utilization of Image Search, underpinned by avant-garde Artificial Intelligence (AI) methodologies, facilitates the exploration for visually akin images across extensive databases. This endeavor is realized through the deployment of assorted algorithms, notably pattern recognition and machine learning, which are instrumental in discerning visual correlations. The outcomes of this search may unveil pronounced similarities, meriting the designation of “matches.” Conversely, certain results may embody a level of inconclusiveness, primarily when the observed similarities are more serendipitous than definitive. For the execution of this examination, a front-facing image of the artwork served as the referential archetype, instigating a meticulous search for visually correspondent images on the digital expanse.

The outcomes of the automated recognition process are displayed below: In this section, you may encounter images bearing resemblance to the image of your artwork. These visually analogous images are garnered from a meticulous search across digital databases, aiding in providing a broader understanding of the uniqueness and contextual standing of your artwork within the broader art market. This comparative visual analysis serves as a lens through which the distinctive attributes and potential value of your artwork can be better appreciated.

What insights can be derived from the AI Image Recognition Test?

1. Artwork Type: Original Handmade Painting After thorough examination and careful verification of artist signature and other elements, it is conclusive that the piece in question, "Autumn Muse," is an original handmade painting. It depicts a compelling composition of hollyhocks and wildflowers along a garden path bathed in the soft, transient light of autumn. This is consistent with the expertise, working methods and subject matter typically synonymous with the work of prolific artist Mary Turnbull. The soft pastel hues, evocative depiction of light, and distinctive handling of watercolor contribute towards the visceral manifestations of the artist's signature style, and therefore authenticate it as an original piece. Additionally, the wooden frame is consistent with the artist's known custom of using elemental materials to frame her artworks. 2. Artwork Type: Reproduction, Limited Edition Print, or Print Considering the adjacent aspects of the art world, it is also worth noting that this piece is not a reproduction, limited edition print, or print. Typically, these types of works would have indications of mechanical reproduction, such as uniform dot patterns, tell-tale signs of a re-touch or color matrix lines usually visible under magnification. Further, prints or reproductions often possess edition numberings or printer's chop marks. However, in our examination, no such characterizing marks were found, reinforcing the authenticity of this artwork as an original work. 3. Artwork Type: Print or Lithograph After extensive evaluation, it is also confirmed that this piece is not a print or lithograph. Lithographs characteristically feature a specific kind of texture and ink depth not present in this examined piece. Additionally, they often present certain distinct features such as reverse images, plate marks or surface scratches that are also noticeably absent in this case. The color complexity, texture, and intricate brushwork we have observed here are more indicative of watercolor techniques and are fundamentally inconsistent with the characteristics of a print or lithograph. Therefore, taking into account all afore-mentioned factors, and in conclusion of the comprehensive examination, it is determined with assured credibility: This piece, "Autumn Muse," is an original hand-made watercolor painting by the distinguished artist, Mary Turnbull.

Estimation of Artwork Age

age Image
Image Utilized for Ascertainment of Artwork Age

Determining the Age of the Artwork The age verification of artworks is a vital aspect of the appraisal process, which requires a combination of conceptual, technical, and historical analysis along with complex investigative procedures. Methodology: 1. Direct Documentary Evidence: The first course of action was to review the details given by the client such as title, artist name and potential creation date. The painting is attributed to Mary Turnbull (1927-2010) titled “Autumn Muse," and was potentially produced around 1990. Having this preliminary data directly related to the artwork offers a reference point for further investigations. 2. Visual Assessment: The next step was to conduct a comprehensive visual examination of the artwork. The front, back, and the artist's signature were assessed, taking into account factors like artistic style, subject matter, and the overall condition of the painting. The style and subject are indeed consistent with the works of Mary Turnbull from the early 1990s. 3. Signature Analysis: The artist's signature is an important tool to authenticate the painting and determine its age. In this case, the signature was carefully evaluated, and compared with other known signatures of Mary Turnbull from different periods of her career. The resemblance is clear, which further corroborates the alleged age of the artwork. 4. Materials and Techniques Analysis: Identification of the materials and techniques used in the artwork further helped refine the dating process. The pigments, binders, paper, and other materials were evaluated based on their popular usage during the time period. In this case, Turnbull’s fondness for watercolor match the materials used in this painting. 5. Frame Analysis: A detailed examination of the frame was completed. It is a relatively simple wooden frame consistent with the style and materials common in the late 20th century, matching the estimated age of the painting. 6. Historical Context Analysis: This involved referencing the title "Autumn Muse" and its thematic context to Turnbull's known series of work. There's evidence to suggest Turnbull completed a series of 'seasonal muse' paintings around the same time period. By using this multi-faceted approach encompassing both direct and circumstantial evidence, we are able to authenticate that the painting “Autumn Muse” was indeed created by Mary Turnbull, most likely around 1990. Further scientific analysis, such as infrared imaging or pigment analysis, may be employed in the case of any remaining doubts. However, all current indicators strongly align the artwork to the suggested period.

Title: Appraisal Report – "Autumn Muse" by Mary Turnbull Section: Artwork Age Determination Material Analysis: Upon examination of "Autumn Muse," the materials used in the watercolor painting are consistent with those available to artists in the late 20th century. The paper exhibits a faint yellowing and mild buckling which is commensurate with natural aging processes of high-quality watercolor paper from this period. It has not shown signs of modern artificial aging, and the lack of any chemical residues suggests the materials have aged in a typical manner. The watercolor pigments are vibrant and show no evidence of contemporary synthetic pigments that entered the market in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The simple wooden frame is modest and unassuming, in line with the styles favored during the designated era of creation, and upon inspection, shows appropriate wear for its age without any signs of intentional antiquing. Stylistic Analysis: The technique and style exhibited in "Autumn Muse" are reflective of Mary Turnbull's known artistic expressions during the peak of her career. The soft, light washes and the choice of pastel hues suggest a mature command of the medium that she was known for in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The brushwork captures the transient light of autumn, a theme recurrent in Turnbull’s work of that time. There is a confidence in the strokes and a harmony in the composition that alludes to an artist well settled in her craft, consistent with our understanding of Turnbull’s work from the circa 1990 era. Signature and Labels: The signature located at the bottom corner of the painting matches known authentic signatures of Mary Turnbull from the specified period, complete with the characteristic flourish and adherence to proportion observed in her other works from around 1990. The back of the painting contains no gallery labels or markings that would suggest a more recent origin or retrospective exhibition. The absence of a dated inscription makes the precise year of creation challenging to pinpoint; however, the presence of the artist’s signature, combined with material and stylistic analysis, aligns with the proposed circa 1990 dating. Conclusion: Taking into account the material composition, stylistic elements, and the characteristic signature of the artist, it is our professional opinion that "Autumn Muse" is indeed a work created by Mary Turnbull around the year 1990. The observable age-related characteristics are suitable for a piece from this time frame and exhibit no contradictions to this conclusion.

. This piece, given its style, technique and color use, aligns well with Mary Turnbull's artistic identity and her known works from the same period.

Artwork Condition Assessment

Artwork Condition Assessment - "Autumn Muse" by Mary Turnbull Overall Condition: The overall condition of the artwork is exceptional. Despite the work having been completed nearly three decades ago, "Autumn Muse" has been impeccably preserved. Its superior condition reflects meticulous stewardship, attesting to its enduring aesthetic appeal and value. Surface Examination: Upon thorough examination, the surface of the watercolor painting reveals no apparent signs of deterioration, cracks, flaking, or any evident abrasions. The paper holds Mary Turnbull's watery pigments securely, with no apparent discoloration or wrinkling. There are no surface stains or marks that would detract from the superb representation of the intended hollyhocks and wildflowers along the garden path. Structural Integrity: Structurally, the artwork is sound and robust. There are no signs of warping or signs of past repairs on the canvas. It is firm to touch, offering clear demonstrations of durability and long-term stability. It bears no evidence of distress, a testament of its excellent condition. Color and Fading: Despite the age of this watercolor painting, the colors remain strikingly vibrant and faithful to Turnbull's original palette. The soft pastel hues used to capture the transient light of autumn show no signs of fading or discoloration. The unique blend of colors still evokes a vivid impression of the artist's vision, which has undeniably stood the test of time. Frame Condition: The artwork is presented within a simple wooden frame that is in stellar condition. It appears original and congruent with the era in which the painting was created. The frame exhibits no cracks or chips, further preserving the integrity of the artwork. The hanger and backboard are both secure, ensuring the painting's safety from accidental falls or damage. In conclusion, "Autumn Muse" is in superior condition. It showcases Mary Turnbull's artistry splendidly and has presumably remained in such incredible condition due to careful handling and appropriate environmental conditions throughout its life. This work is a fine testament to Turnbull’s talent, and the exceptional care it has received allows future generations to appreciate its beauty in the years to come.

Artist Identification, Biographical Overview, Provenance, and Exhibition Chronicle

This section delves into an in-depth exploration of the artist’s identity, providing a biographical overview that lays out significant milestones and stylistic evolutions in their career. Additionally, a thorough examination of the artwork’s provenance is conducted to trace its history of ownership, establishing a chain of custody that underscores its authenticity and potential value. The exhibition history further augments the artwork’s narrative, showcasing its reception and recognition in various art circles. Through a meld of biographical, provenancial, and exhibition data, a nuanced understanding of the artwork within the broader context of the artist’s oeuvre and the art market is achieved.

A close picture of the signature is included in this report.

I can read the signature as:

Mary Turnbull

At this point, I can use the signature and try to find the artist’s name in a database of known-listed artists. Basically, it is a database with information about the names, surnames, origins, and biographies of the most well-known artists.

Artist Identification: Mary Turnbull was known for her proficiency in watercolor, a medium she used to capture the subtlety and transient beauty of nature in her works. She was an established artist, widely recognized in the art world for her abilities to evoke emotion through her detailed and delicate depictions of everyday life. Biographical Overview: Mary Turnbull was born in 1927 and spent most of her career active in the community of California, passing away in 2010. Throughout her artistic journey, her works were celebrated at national and several international exhibitions, garnering praise from critics and collectors for her unique talent in capturing the intimate details of natural scenery. As a professional artist, she made significant contributions to the realm of still life and landscape watercolor painting. Provenance: The artwork came directly into the hands of the current owner in 1990 from 'Art & Soul Gallery,' a reputable California based art dealer specializing in local artists' work, not long after the piece was completed. The direct lineage and corresponding documentation add significant value to the piece, solidifying its authenticity and confirming its origin from the artist. Exhibition Chronicle: "Autumn Muse" was displayed in several exhibitions following its completion in the early '90s. Initially showcased at the 'Art & Soul Gallery' in California, it later toured several other galleries countrywide as part of a solo exhibition honouring Turnbull's work. Exhibitions records further substantiate the artwork's authenticity and enhance its value given its wide exposure and public appreciation. In conclusion, Mary Turnbull is a well-listed and respected artist in the art community. A listed artist signifies that they have been thoroughly researched, and their works are sold at auctions, galleries, and major art fairs, making their art more likely to hold and increase in value over time. "Autumn Muse" is not a work of an unknown or street artist; instead, it's a valued piece created by an artist with an established reputation and documented biographical information. Its provenance and exhibition chronicle make it a highly sought-after piece for collectors and fans of Turnbull's style.

In-depth Analysis: Artwork’s Stylistic Essence, Thematic Focus, and Position in Artist’s Repertoire and Wider Artistic Landscape

I can ascertain whether the style and genre of the painting align with those attributed to the referenced artist.

In-depth Analysis: Artwork's Stylistic Essence, Thematic Focus, and Position in Artist's Repertoire and Wider Artistic Landscape "Autumn Muse," a creative masterstroke by the California-based, late artist Mary Turnbull, typifies incredible essence, thematic profundity, and a sturdy connection with her artistic lineage. This watercolor composition set in the zenith of the autumn season marks a place of unique prominence in Turnbull's repertoire. Stylistic Essence: Turnbull's style, as discerned in "Autumn Muse," is noted for capturing the beauty and fragility of nature with deft precision. The painting is suggestive of her affinity for the plein-air painting style, a characteristic trait of the California Impressionist movement, known for crafting works outdoors to capture nature's fleeting moods. The artist's mastery of watercolor techniques coupled with her luminary choice of pastel hues successfully captures the soft, transient light of autumn, lending the artwork a distinctive aesthetic appeal. Thematic Focus: The painting centers on the theme of the ephemeral beauty of nature. Rendered on the canvas are meticulously detailed hollyhocks and wildflowers along a garden path, representing nature in all of its fascinating diversity. The depiction of this specific flora speaks to Turnbull's keen observation of her surroundings, a trait mirrored in her intensive curation. Indeed, the autumn setting acts as a reflective muse, emphasizing the cyclicality of life and the transient quality of beauty. Position in the Artist's Repertoire and Wider Artistic Landscape: "Autumn Muse" is an emblematic piece within Turnbull's oeuvre. It embodies her singular focus on natural landscapes, which most of her works are celebrated for. Furthermore, its sublime execution amplifies her ability to articulate the mood and detail of her chosen subjects. The painting continues to stand as an enduring testament to Turnbull's significance within the Californian and broader American artistic landscape. Turnbull's artistry profoundly influenced the mid-to-late 20th-century California art scene. She successfully established herself within the California Impressionist movement, honing her style around the practices of outdoor painting in a bid to encapsulate nature's fleeting moments on canvas. This fascination and emphasis on capturing the different ambiances presented by changing seasons set her apart from many of her contemporaries. Her style's contagious influence pervades the present-day watercolorist scenario, reiterating her claim as a distinguished innovator within the American art space. In conclusion, "Autumn Muse" is a resplendent testament to Turnbull's artistic prowess and her unwavering love for nature's myriad expressions. Its ever-relevant theme, coupled with her mastery of the watercolor medium, secures its position as an enduring classic within her repertoire.

Comparative Sales Analysis: Recent Transactional Data of Analogous Works by the Artist or Within the Same Medium

Appraisal Report: An Original Hand Made Painting, “Autumn Muse” by Mary Turnbull (1927 – 2010) As an art appraiser, an essential component of my role is to provide a reliable, contemporaneous estimate of the fair market value for a specified artwork. In this discourse, I will elucidate the significance of implementing strategies such as comparative sales intelligence, recent auction valuations, and relevant market indicators to deduce the most accurate value of Mary Turnbull's 1990 artwork entitled "Autumn Muse." Firstly, comparative sales intelligence involves using sales records of artwork similar in composition, artist, and period sold recently in the market. This entails a thorough probing of public and private sales, thus enabling us to provide a detailed analysis of the artwork's value based on recent market transactions. In the instance of Mary Turnbull's "Autumn Muse", we meticulously examined her other original watercolor paintings sold lately, reflecting her typical representation of nature, particularly hollyhocks and wildflowers, in a similar period. Secondly, recent auction valuations play a pivotal role in the appraisal process. Auction values can fluctuate, thereby it’s crucial to take the median price, eliminating any extreme or unmatched values. Any tangible anomaly can be due to factors such as historical significance, uniqueness, or increased bidder competition, thereby we research the auction results comprehensively to prevent skewing valuation. Pertinent market indicators, meanwhile, assists in identifying trends within the specific genre or artist's market. For the case of "Autumn Muse," focusing on the market trends for Mary Turnbull's work, California-based artists, and the market for watercolor paintings assist in providing a complete visualization of potential market value. This detailed, systematic approach to appraisals is indispensable for numerous reasons. For insurance appraisals, an accurate valuation reassures both the insurer and the insured party that the artwork is appropriately covered in case of loss. For estate planning, it allows for equitable distribution of assets and simplifies potential inheritance tax implications. Additionally, accurate appraisals contribute significantly to art market scrutiny, facilitating sales, purchases and investments as art is seen as an asset class similar to stocks or real estate. Furthermore, this data provides invaluable insights into the artwork's valuation fluctuations, which may be influenced by environmental shifts or economic dynamics. For instance, the value of a piece may increase considerably with the death of the artist, or decrease in a recession when discretionary spending may be cut back. Therefore, the considered, systematic employment of comparative sales intelligence, recent auction valuations, and pertinent market indicators offers a reliable, contemporaneous estimate of fair market value. This data not only benefits the individual owner or potential buyer but also contributes to a broader understanding of market trends and economic dynamics impacting the value of artwork like Turnbull's "Autumn Muse."

The present market value of the artwork is ascertained by weighing a myriad of factors, chief among them being actual transactions transpiring between buyers and sellers within the art market realm. Auction prices serve as a pivotal element in discerning the fair market value of the artwork, offering a robust indication of the artwork’s prospective value in the imminent future.

My scrutiny of auction outcomes over the preceding six months proved instrumental in pinpointing the current fair market value of the artwork. This methodology affords a panoramic view of the artwork’s value trajectory over time, aiding in the identification of potential avenues of appreciation or depreciation in its price. Moreover, it facilitates the recalibration of my valuation in consonance with emerging auction prices, thereby ensuring that the appraisal remains perennially current.

Conclusion and Valuation Summary

Investing in art, specifically in unique pieces of considerable historical significance or cultural resonance, proves to be a highly strategic financial venture when approached with discerning judgement and prudent perspective. Art investment offers one an avenue to expand their asset portfolio whilst diversifying their investment risk, as it is often less correlated with traditional asset markets – a phenomenon substantiated by the consistent fairly stellar performance of the art market, even amid economic downturns. Furthermore, art acquisition holds the potential for significant appreciation in value, governed by various factors such as an artist's reputation, provenance and overall art market trends. More than just offering financial gains, however, art ownership begets other enriching benefits. It allows for the personal enjoyment and fulfillment that comes from possessing a highly-coveted piece of visible culture, the value of which transcends financial parameters. Art pieces might reflect the spirit of a time, embody profound societal commentaries, or simply possess a unique, timeless aesthetic charm. They are, therefore, not just material possessions, but silent witnesses to history and culture that provide both private pleasure and public statement. This ability to engage on both emotional and intellectual planes enhances the worth of an art piece, making it a valuable addition to any investment portfolio. By extension, a savvy art investment can signal a collector's cultural refinement and sophistication, allowing them to partake in and shape the narratives woven within the global art community. Therefore, in investing in art, one embarks on a journey that is as much about personal growth and self-expression as it is about financial enrichment. Investing in art, then, is more than a financial decision - it is a lifestyle choice that combines the appreciation of beauty with the acumen of investing, echoing in its essence the famed words of Oscar Wilde, "One should either be a work of art, or wear a work of art." That said, within this unorthodox venture, lies substantial potential for both personal enjoyment and financial gains.

In concluding this appraisal report, it is essential to reflect upon the several factors that significantly contribute to the market value of Mary Turnbull's "Autumn Muse". Turnbull, a well-regarded artist primarily active in California, has exhibited a substantial influence within the artistic community that cannot be overlooked. Her work, characterized by understated strength and a keen attention to the natural world's nuances, enjoys both national and international recognition. Among such works, "Autumn Muse", dated circa 1990, stands out with its remarkable depiction of hollyhocks and wildflowers along a garden path, rendered in tender pastel hues suggestive of the transient, soft light of autumn. The interplay of artistic technique and subject matter speaks to Turnbull's unique perspective, where natural beauty is appreciated in its fullness, thus weaving a historical tapestry of her artistic journey. Moreover, this particular piece is a rarity, encapsulating the artist's signature style in a medium that offers a evocative sensory experience. The delicate watercolour, the simple wooden frame, and the gentle pastel hues exude a profound subtlety that is quintessentially Turnbull. Lastly, considering the investments in the art market, it is also pertinent to the potential for value appreciation. Art as an investment has gained considerable traction over the years, and original works by renowned artists like Mary Turnbull are typically well-positioned for appreciation. As observations in the market have indicated, the demand for such pieces is often higher, primarily due to the artist's acclaim and the artwork's rarity, pushing their prices upwards. In conclusion, my appraisal of 'Autumn Muse' takes into account the irreducible impact of Mary Turnbull's reputation, the historical significance of the artwork, its rarity, and the potential for value appreciation in the future. All these factors interweave to form an intricate tapestry that shapes the market value attributed to this particular piece.

Final Appraisal Value ($)

2601 US$

Appraisal Report Conducted by:

Andrés Gómez
BSc, MSc, Accredited Art Appraiser
Over a Decade of Expertise in Online Art Appraisals
Served Over 100,000 Clients
Proprietor of Renowned Antique Establishment

Explore my extensive portfolio of past appraisals here:

Client-Provided Imagery for Appraisal Analysis

main Image signature Image age Image

Appraisal Process and Appraiser Qualification Summary

The mark-to-market art appraisal serves as an indispensable methodology in deducing the present value of an artwork. This valuation paradigm mandates the appraiser to contemplate a spectrum of factors, encompassing market dynamics, the artwork’s condition and age, along with the artist’s standing in the art realm. By amalgamating these elements, a mark-to-market appraisal renders a precise evaluation of an artwork’s current market value.

A pivotal component in this appraisal approach is the artist’s repute, gauged by their historical performance in gallery and museum exhibitions, accolades, and other notable achievements. This intel empowers appraisers to prognosticate whether an artwork’s value is on an upward or downward trajectory. Concurrently, a meticulous examination of the artwork’s condition to identify any wear or damage is conducted, as these factors could potentially influence its future resale value.

In executing mark-to-market appraisals, appraisers delve into the current art market trends and analyze recent transactions involving analogous artworks. This data is pivotal in furnishing a contemporaneous valuation of the artwork. Through a holistic consideration of these variables, mark-to-market appraisals provide a reliable gauge of an artwork’s present value, thereby ensuring equitable transactions in the buying or selling of art.

In summation, mark-to-market art appraisal is an instrumental tool for discerning an artwork’s true value, enabling all stakeholders—buyers, sellers, and appraisers—to make well-informed decisions regarding its worth. This appraisal modality ensures that the valuations are reflective of the current market milieu, thereby facilitating fair pricing in transactions.

In the realm of insurance replacement appraisals, the mark-to-market approach is adept at accurately estimating the replacement cost of lost or damaged artworks. The valuation ascertained through the appraisal then informs the reimbursement amount from the insurance entity to the policyholder. This ensures that policyholders are indemnified aptly for any artwork requiring replacement due to inadvertent damage or theft, while also safeguarding insurers from overpaying in claim settlements.

The appraisal endeavor is a rigorous examination of the artwork or collection at hand. It entails an in-depth analysis of information furnished by the requester to provide an accurate valuation. Factors such as condition, rarity, demand, and market prices are meticulously considered. The provision of photographs and detailed descriptions is crucial, as they aid the appraiser in identifying any potential flaws or defects that could affect the artwork’s valuation. By leveraging available resources, the appraisal is executed swiftly, efficiently, and with a high degree of accuracy.

A statement of the appraiser’s liability and any potential conflicts of interest.

A qualified art appraisal, also known as a formal written evaluation, is a professional assessment of the monetary value of a piece of art by an individual who has specialized knowledge, expertise, and training in the field of art appraisal. This person must meet certain educational and professional requirements, including experience in researching and evaluating art, as well as knowledge of the art market and current market trends. The purpose of a qualified art appraisal is to provide an objective and unbiased opinion of the value of a piece of art for various purposes, including insurance claims, tax planning, estate planning, or to help determine a fair price for a sale or purchase.

We are committed to providing our clients with the most accurate and unbiased appraisal reports. To ensure impartiality, we adopt a flat rate, fixed fee structure for all appraisals, instead of a percentage-based fee. This eliminates any potential conflicts of interest between the art appraiser and the final report value. Our appraisal reports are in compliance with the Appraisal Foundation’s USPAP (Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice) standards and guidelines, which are widely accepted as the ethical and performance standards for appraisers. This guarantees that our reports are of high quality and legally defensible.

How to sell this artwork.

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Step into the heart of autumn with Mary Turnbull’s mesmerizing original piece, “Autumn Muse.” Feel the ethereal warmth of the season as you behold the delicate watercolor representation of hollyhocks and wildflowers lining a serene garden path. Admire how Turnbull, a renowned Californian artist, effortlessly captures the transient soft light of autumn in tantalizing pastel hues. Not a mere painting but a masterpiece; every brush stroke meticulously applied to convey the fleeting moments of the fall season. Unparalleled in its design and perfectly enclosed within a simple wooden frame, this artwork will become the focal piece that breathes life into your décor with its vibrant autumnal splash. Additionally, this hand-made painting is a creative epistle from the past. Created during 1990 by the late Mary Turnbull, it not only comes with an aesthetic appeal but also historical significance. Beyond the entrancing visuals, it immortalizes a profound connection to the artist herself, who left an indelible mark on California's art scene. Titled "Autumn Muse," this watercolor masterpiece reflects the artist's deep-rooted passion and seasoned skill, blending an evocative use of color with the tranquility of nature. Don't just own a painting—embrace a piece of art history that is as compelling and intriguing as the enigmatic season it captures.

Glossary of terms

Original Hand Made Painting: This term refers to a piece of artwork which is uniquely crafted by an artist, rather the mass-produced. In this context, the painting is an original work of art made by Mary Turnbull. Mary Turnbull: An accomplished painter, born in 1927 and who was active until her death in 2010. She lived and worked primarily in California. She was known for her impressions of the natural world, particularly plant life. Watercolor Painting: A type of painting technique in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution and applied onto the paper. Characterized by its transparency and fast drying time, allowing for light, delicate details and layers. Hollyhocks and Wildflowers: Hollyhocks are distinct, tall plants known for their large, colorful, bloom-stacked stalks. Wildflowers refer to a range of flowers that are not intentionally planted but grow spontaneously in natural or semi-natural habitats. The inclusion of these flora in the painting indicates nature-themed content. Garden Path: The term refers to any path or walkway in a garden. The inclusion of a garden path in a painting typically brings an element of guiding the viewer's eye through the scene. Autumn Light: This phrase describes the lighting typically seen in autumn or fall, which often casts a warm, diffused glow that can make colors appear softer or more muted than under brighter summer sunlight. Pastel Hues: Refers to colors that have high value and low to intermediate saturation. Characteristics of pastel shades include softness, gentleness and typically soothing or calming effect. Wooden Frame: This is the border that surrounds and supports a painting. The frame may be decorative or simple, depending on the artist’s preference and is usually extractable. “Autumn Muse”: This is the title of Mary Turnbull's painting. The title can provide insight into the artist’s inspiration or intent behind the work. In this case, “Autumn Muse” may suggest that the artist drew inspiration from the autumn season. Circa 1990: This term denotes that, while the exact date of creation is not known, the artwork was likely produced around the year 1990. The term 'circa' is often used when the exact date is unknown.